Natural Resource Management:
Community Mobilisation in CBNRM in Botswana. Report
of Workshop held 8-10 December 1998 in Francistown, Botswana.
L. Cassidy and M. Madzwamuse (Eds.). Botswana.1999. ISBN 99912-0-299-4.
This is a report of the first of a series
of three workshops on Community Based Natural Resources Management
in Botswana. The idea of a series of workshops was to share
experiences, such as the history, lessons learned and way
forward. The specific focus of this workshop was on community
mobilisation. The report is in four parts, Part I comprises
of Keynote Presentations and presentations and discussions
on lessons learned from case experiences, Part II forms the
basis for the workshop recommendations on Actions Required
in Support of CBNRM Community Mobilisation which is Part IV
in this report. In addition to this, part of the Workshop
was dedicated to discuss The Draft CBNRM Policy which is Part
III of the report. The document can be downloaded from http://www.cbnrm.bw/ where also the executive summary can be viewed.
Enterprise Development and CBNRM in Botswana. Report
of Workshop held 9-12 March 1999 in Maun, Botswana. L. Cassidy
and M. Madzwamuse (Eds.). Botswana. 1999. ISBN 99912-0-297-8.
This report is on the second of a series
of three workshops on community based natural resource management
in Botswana. Its specific focus is on enterprise development,
an area which until now has not been emphasised enough. Part
I of the report The Keynote Presentation and Part II is on
presentations and discussions from lessons learned from case
experiences on Joint Ventures. Part III is on natural resource
based community enterprises and Part IV reports on a session
which focused on key issues and opportunities for enterprise
development in CBNRM in Botswana. The document can be downloaded
from http://www.cbnrm.bw/ where also the executive
summary can be viewed.
Natural Resource Monitoring and CBNRM in Botswana.
Report of Workshop held 10-11 June 1999 in Gaborone, Botswana.
L. Cassidy and S. Tveden (Eds.). Botswana. 1999. ISBN 99912-0-309-5.
This is a report on the last of a series
of three workshops on community based natural resources management
in Botswana. Its focus is on resource monitoring and resource
management, with particular attention to biophysical monitoring.
The report is in three parts, Part I focuses on issues and
methodologies for community natural resource monitoring and
resource management, these are presented in a form of case
studies of some projects in Botswana. Part II is on analysis
and management of community field data. Part III is on plenary
discussions recommending actions required in support of natural
resource monitoring and CBNRM in Botswana. The document can
be downloaded from http://www.cbnrm.bw/ where also the executive
summary can be viewed.
National Conference on CBNRM in Botswana. Report
of Conference held 26-29 July 1999 in Gaborone, Botswana.
L. Cassidy and R. Jansen (Eds.). Botswana. 2000. ISBN 99912-0-327-3.
This report is on the first National Conference
on CBNRM which was a culmination of a series of three (3)
workshops on key topics in CBNRM, namely; community mobilisation,
enterprise development and natural resource monitoring and
management. The objectives of the conference were to reflect
on the progress made so far in implementing CBNRM activities,
to consider the recommendations from the workshops and to
deliberate the way forward. These proceedings provide a good
overview of the achievements of community based natural resource
management to date. The executive summary can be viewed on
Organisations and their Regional Approaches in CBNRM
in Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe. CBNRM Occational
paper Series No. 1. T. Gujadhur. Botswana. 2000. ISBN 99912-0-329-X.
The goal of this publication was to inventorise
the methods, lessons and experiences of organisations and
the communities involved in CBNRM programmes in Botswana,
Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The author argues that a simple
record of CBNRM approaches in Southern Africa will enable
organisations and communities to discover and learn from the
implementation experiences of counterparts in neighbouring
areas. This report is organised by country. The focus being
on practical approaches, only a brief overview of the national
CBNRM programmes and enabling legislation is given. The thrust
of the report is contained in the 'Organisations Involved'
in section, with 'Observations' from each implementing organisation.
There is much literature on problem issues, of which everyone
is well aware. However the attempt here is not to describe
these dilemma faced, but the practical solutions devised.
The report is straightforward and simple, extracting useful
lessons from CBNRM experiences in the four countries. Due
to the brevity of the fieldwork in the study countries, there
was no time for field trips to the communities. Thus, in this
sense, the report contains a bias towards the agendas and
perspectives of implementing organisations. The report can
be downloaded from and and viewed on http://www.cbnrm.bw/
Community Benefits through CBNRM in Botswana.
CBNRM Occational paper Series No. 2. C. van der Jagt et al.
Botswana. 2000. ISBN 99912-0-328-1. This
issue of CBNRM Occasional Papers concerns an analysis of `Community
Benefits through Community Based Natural Resources Management
in Botswana'. Publication of the findings of this analysis
is an attempt to address key issues at stake in the implementation
of CBNRM in Botswana. CBNRM initiatives in Botswana to date
predominantly focus on generating financial benefits as soon
as possible. Some of the questions which arise are, do large
sums of money acquired by a community guarantee an improvement
in the living conditions of its people? How do subsistence
economies cope with an increasing commercialisation of the
available natural resources? Are there no alternative benefits
to be generated from CBNRM? The initial CBNRM initiatives
in Botswana were implemented in the northern part of the country
(Chobe District), hence there is a tendency to draw lessons
from the early experiences. However the context of the project
in Chobe is entirely different from situations in other parts
of Botswana, and depends on prevailing natural resources and
related livelihood strategies, culture and history, levels
of material well-being and education. The authors argue that
the choice of CBNRM approach and related options for the generation
and utilisation of benefits should be situation-specific.
The report can be downloaded from viewed on http://www.cbnrm.bw/
For any further publication on CBNRM
not included in this page please go to the CBNRM Support Programme
Environmental Planning and Management:
Business & Environment in Botswana: An Assessment
of Business Sector Interests in Environmental Resorce Management.
P.P. Zhou and L. Landner. Botswana.1999. ISBN 99912-0-298-6.
This report is based on a 3 months project
assessing Business and Environment in Botswana. The project
concentrated on an assessment of interests, needs, concerns
and constraints of the business community in environmental
and resource management. Top managers and environmental officers
in key production and service companies, government departments,
NGOs and local authorities were approached for their opinions
on the subject. Alongside this assessment survey, a reference
group was established to provide guidance to this project
and probably similar environmental and resource management
projects in the future. This report is divided into two parts.
Part I presents the Key Findings and Recommendations of the
Assessment Study. Part II comprises the proceedings of a seminar
where the recommendations of the study were discussed and
ideas on proper future E&RM in the business sector in
Botswana were exchanged between stakeholders.
NGO Support / Capacity Building:
The NGO Environmental Agenda in Botswana: current practise
and future actions. Report of First NGO Conference
on the Environment held in Francistown, Botswana, 18-20 November
1997. Botswana. 1998.
Second NGO Conference on the Environment. Report
of Conference held in Gaborone, Botswana, 3-5 November 1998.
S. Tveden and R. Jansen (Eds.). Botswana. 2000. ISBN 99912-0-331-1.
NGO Strategy on the Environment in Botswana.
(available at IUCN offices)
Guide on Strategic Environmental Planning for NGOs.
S. Tveden et al. (to be available
Transboundary Natural Resource Management:
Transboundary Approaches to the Conservation and Utilisation
of the Chobe-Caprivi Wetlands. Report of Workshop
held in Kasane, Botswana, June 8-10 1998. R. Jansen and B.
Kamweneshe (Eds.). Botswana. 1999. ISBN 99912-0-284-6. This
workshop brought together, representatives of all stakeholder
groups from Namibia and Botswana and put key natural resource
utilisation issues on the agenda. IUCN intended to begin a
crucial cross border dialogue as well as to pursue initial
action to address incompatible land and resource uses in the
area. This report is the outcome of the first stage of addressing
transboundary natural resource management in the Chobe - Caprivi,
with a clear focus on the ecosystem, and the participation
of all stakeholders.
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Botswana News'. Environment
Botswana News is a monthly electronic newsletter provided
by IUCN Botswana with the aim to facilitate the sharing of
information of the environment in Botswana.
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