Publications from IUCN Botswana

 The following publications are available from the IUCN Botswana office.


  • Community Based Natural Resource Management
  • Environmental Planning and Management
  • NGO Support / Capacity Building
  • Transboundary Natural Resource Managament
  • Click here to go to the latest 'Environment Botswana News'. Environment Botswana News is a monthly electronic newsletter provided by IUCN Botswana with the aim to facilitate the sharing of information of the environment in Botswana.


    Community Based Natural Resource Management:

    Community Mobilisation in CBNRM in Botswana. Report of Workshop held 8-10 December 1998 in Francistown, Botswana. L. Cassidy and M. Madzwamuse (Eds.). Botswana.1999. ISBN 99912-0-299-4. This is a report of the first of a series of three workshops on Community Based Natural Resources Management in Botswana. The idea of a series of workshops was to share experiences, such as the history, lessons learned and way forward. The specific focus of this workshop was on community mobilisation. The report is in four parts, Part I comprises of Keynote Presentations and presentations and discussions on lessons learned from case experiences, Part II forms the basis for the workshop recommendations on Actions Required in Support of CBNRM Community Mobilisation which is Part IV in this report. In addition to this, part of the Workshop was dedicated to discuss The Draft CBNRM Policy which is Part III of the report. The document can be downloaded from where also the executive summary can be viewed.

    Enterprise Development and CBNRM in Botswana. Report of Workshop held 9-12 March 1999 in Maun, Botswana. L. Cassidy and M. Madzwamuse (Eds.). Botswana. 1999. ISBN 99912-0-297-8. This report is on the second of a series of three workshops on community based natural resource management in Botswana. Its specific focus is on enterprise development, an area which until now has not been emphasised enough. Part I of the report The Keynote Presentation and Part II is on presentations and discussions from lessons learned from case experiences on Joint Ventures. Part III is on natural resource based community enterprises and Part IV reports on a session which focused on key issues and opportunities for enterprise development in CBNRM in Botswana. The document can be downloaded from where also the executive summary can be viewed.

    Natural Resource Monitoring and CBNRM in Botswana. Report of Workshop held 10-11 June 1999 in Gaborone, Botswana. L. Cassidy and S. Tveden (Eds.). Botswana. 1999. ISBN 99912-0-309-5. This is a report on the last of a series of three workshops on community based natural resources management in Botswana. Its focus is on resource monitoring and resource management, with particular attention to biophysical monitoring. The report is in three parts, Part I focuses on issues and methodologies for community natural resource monitoring and resource management, these are presented in a form of case studies of some projects in Botswana. Part II is on analysis and management of community field data. Part III is on plenary discussions recommending actions required in support of natural resource monitoring and CBNRM in Botswana. The document can be downloaded from where also the executive summary can be viewed.

    National Conference on CBNRM in Botswana. Report of Conference held 26-29 July 1999 in Gaborone, Botswana. L. Cassidy and R. Jansen (Eds.). Botswana. 2000. ISBN 99912-0-327-3. This report is on the first National Conference on CBNRM which was a culmination of a series of three (3) workshops on key topics in CBNRM, namely; community mobilisation, enterprise development and natural resource monitoring and management. The objectives of the conference were to reflect on the progress made so far in implementing CBNRM activities, to consider the recommendations from the workshops and to deliberate the way forward. These proceedings provide a good overview of the achievements of community based natural resource management to date. The executive summary can be viewed on

    Organisations and their Regional Approaches in CBNRM in Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe. CBNRM Occational paper Series No. 1. T. Gujadhur. Botswana. 2000. ISBN 99912-0-329-X. The goal of this publication was to inventorise the methods, lessons and experiences of organisations and the communities involved in CBNRM programmes in Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The author argues that a simple record of CBNRM approaches in Southern Africa will enable organisations and communities to discover and learn from the implementation experiences of counterparts in neighbouring areas. This report is organised by country. The focus being on practical approaches, only a brief overview of the national CBNRM programmes and enabling legislation is given. The thrust of the report is contained in the 'Organisations Involved' in section, with 'Observations' from each implementing organisation. There is much literature on problem issues, of which everyone is well aware. However the attempt here is not to describe these dilemma faced, but the practical solutions devised. The report is straightforward and simple, extracting useful lessons from CBNRM experiences in the four countries. Due to the brevity of the fieldwork in the study countries, there was no time for field trips to the communities. Thus, in this sense, the report contains a bias towards the agendas and perspectives of implementing organisations. The report can be downloaded from and and viewed on

    Community Benefits through CBNRM in Botswana. CBNRM Occational paper Series No. 2. C. van der Jagt et al. Botswana. 2000. ISBN 99912-0-328-1. This issue of CBNRM Occasional Papers concerns an analysis of `Community Benefits through Community Based Natural Resources Management in Botswana'. Publication of the findings of this analysis is an attempt to address key issues at stake in the implementation of CBNRM in Botswana. CBNRM initiatives in Botswana to date predominantly focus on generating financial benefits as soon as possible. Some of the questions which arise are, do large sums of money acquired by a community guarantee an improvement in the living conditions of its people? How do subsistence economies cope with an increasing commercialisation of the available natural resources? Are there no alternative benefits to be generated from CBNRM? The initial CBNRM initiatives in Botswana were implemented in the northern part of the country (Chobe District), hence there is a tendency to draw lessons from the early experiences. However the context of the project in Chobe is entirely different from situations in other parts of Botswana, and depends on prevailing natural resources and related livelihood strategies, culture and history, levels of material well-being and education. The authors argue that the choice of CBNRM approach and related options for the generation and utilisation of benefits should be situation-specific. The report can be downloaded from viewed on

    For any further publication on CBNRM not included in this page please go to the CBNRM Support Programme website


    Environmental Planning and Management:

    Business & Environment in Botswana: An Assessment of Business Sector Interests in Environmental Resorce Management. P.P. Zhou and L. Landner. Botswana.1999. ISBN 99912-0-298-6. This report is based on a 3 months project assessing Business and Environment in Botswana. The project concentrated on an assessment of interests, needs, concerns and constraints of the business community in environmental and resource management. Top managers and environmental officers in key production and service companies, government departments, NGOs and local authorities were approached for their opinions on the subject. Alongside this assessment survey, a reference group was established to provide guidance to this project and probably similar environmental and resource management projects in the future. This report is divided into two parts. Part I presents the Key Findings and Recommendations of the Assessment Study. Part II comprises the proceedings of a seminar where the recommendations of the study were discussed and ideas on proper future E&RM in the business sector in Botswana were exchanged between stakeholders.


    NGO Support / Capacity Building:

    The NGO Environmental Agenda in Botswana: current practise and future actions. Report of First NGO Conference on the Environment held in Francistown, Botswana, 18-20 November 1997. Botswana. 1998.

    Second NGO Conference on the Environment. Report of Conference held in Gaborone, Botswana, 3-5 November 1998. S. Tveden and R. Jansen (Eds.). Botswana. 2000. ISBN 99912-0-331-1.

    NGO Strategy on the Environment in Botswana. (to be available in October 2001)

    Guide on Strategic Environmental Planning for NGOs. S. Tveden et al. (to be available soon)


    Transboundary Natural Resource Management:

    Transboundary Approaches to the Conservation and Utilisation of the Chobe-Caprivi Wetlands. Report of Workshop held in Kasane, Botswana, June 8-10 1998. R. Jansen and B. Kamweneshe (Eds.). Botswana. 1999. ISBN 99912-0-284-6. This workshop brought together, representatives of all stakeholder groups from Namibia and Botswana and put key natural resource utilisation issues on the agenda. IUCN intended to begin a crucial cross border dialogue as well as to pursue initial action to address incompatible land and resource uses in the area. This report is the outcome of the first stage of addressing transboundary natural resource management in the Chobe - Caprivi, with a clear focus on the ecosystem, and the participation of all stakeholders.


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    Last Updated: August 31, 2001
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